Health Care

Cancer Death Rates Fall: Here's Why

Cancer Death Rates Fall: Here's Why

New cancer cases are still predicted to affect more than 1.7 million people in 2018, but as smoking falls out of fashion and detection and treatment technologies improve, the U.S. can expect to see survival rates continue to improve. That amounts to 4,700 new diagnoses each day. They are based on models that include trends through the most recent data year and can not anticipate abrupt fluctuations for changes in detection practices, like PSA testing and prostate cancer.

Cancer deaths have fallen yet again, thanks mostly to huge declines in smoking, the American Cancer Society said Thursday.

More than one-third of all men and women in the United States will develop cancer during their lifetimes, but not every cancer diagnosis is an immediate death sentence. While the diminishment in cigarette smoking has pushed down death rates, "tobacco stays by a long shot the main source of malignancy passings today, in charge of nearly 3 of every 10 tumor passings".

On the heels of awareness campaigns and a push to encourage Americans to get more frequent colonoscopies and check ups, death rates for colorectal and prostate cancers are less than half of what they were in 1993, helping to cap overall mortality.

The disease may once have been a death sentence, but fatalities declined by almost 40 percent since 1989.

The most common cancers - in men, tumors of the prostate; in women, breast - are not the most common causes of cancer death.

Breast, lung, prostate and colorectal cancers account for 45 percent of all cancer-related deaths.

Should coffee customers be charged 25p for disposable cups?
Legislation needs to set a date after which the continued production of unrecyclable coffee cups is banned by law". The report says disposable coffee cups are "made from paper and lined with plastic" which renders them waterproof.

Among men, prostate, lung, and colorectal cancers account for 42 percent of cases.

Lung cancer incidence rates continued to decline about twice as fast in men as in women, reflecting differences in tobacco use and more smoking among females in some populations.

The most recent rate represents a 26 percent decline from the peak of cancer mortality in 1991.

Cancer deaths are down another two percent.

"While the racial gap in cancer mortality continues to narrow, this progress primarily reflects older age groups, masking stark persistent inequalities for young and middle-aged black Americans", researchers write in the report. Cancer death rates were not statistically different by race in Kentucky and West Virginia, for example, but were the highest of all states for whites.

Early detection and treatment has also helped drive declines, the report states.


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