Science

Google Doodle honours Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana

Google Doodle honours Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana

The man who constructed the first synthetic gene and Indian-American Noble Prize victor in Physiology Har Gobind Khorana has been honoured by Google with a doodle.

Har Khorana, a 20 century titan of science who was awarded the Nobel after showing how DNA formed a blueprint for life, was given a 21st century honor today: the daily Google Doodle. This work led to the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1968, which he shared with Robert Holley of Cornell University and Marshall Nirenberg of the National Institutes of Health. After studying chemistry at the University of Punjab in Lahore, he got his Master's in 1945.

In 1960, he move to the USA for a role at the Institute for Enzyme Research in the University of Wisconsin.

Google doodle on Har Gobind Khorana.

His father Ganpat Rai Khorana worked as a taxation clerk in the British Indian administration.

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"Together", Google explains, "they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built". Proteins are responsible for basic form and functions.

In 1970, he became a Professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Dr Khorana married a Swiss national, Esther Elizabeth Sibler, who he credited with giving him "a sense of objective when he felt out of place everywhere and at home nowhere".

He also conducted research at universities in England, Switzerland, and Canada, and it was at the University of Wisconsin that he and two fellow researchers received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968. The India-born scientist also constructed the world's first synthetic gene.

Khorana, who died in 2011, would have turned 96 today. During this time he became intrigued with nucleic acids and proteins found in RNA. He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1970, where he would remain until his retirement in 2007.

-He then went to the Swiss city of Zurich to work with Professor Vladimir Prelog for one year. He, being a widower since 2001, was survived by his children, Julia and Davel.

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