Health Care

Are you protected from getting measles?

Are you protected from getting measles?

Measles outbreaks are shaking communities across the U.S. As of Friday, 704 cases of the disease have been reported this year, the CDC said. The Ministry of Health recently highlighted that since 2012, all cases of measles in New Zealand came from travellers bringing the disease from overseas and that there are now significant measles outbreaks in many countries. This is an increase of 78 cases from the previous week, according to the CDC.

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Esper said that measles was declared eradicated in the U.S.in 2000 because of a "successful vaccination campaign that started back in 1963".

"Before vaccines were available, almost everyone was infected with measles, mumps and rubella viruses during childhood".

There have been 13 outbreaks reported in 2019, accounting for 663 cases, or 94 percent of all cases. In 2018 over 82 people brought in the measles infection while travelling from other countries.

"For those individuals who had one vaccine, you can talk to your physician as to whether or not there is any benefit to getting a second vaccine or not", Esper said, noting that there could be a benefit if people are in outbreak circumstances or are traveling overseas to places where measles is more common.

And we're going to spend the next few minutes talking about the growing public health threat from the measles.

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FAUCI: Well, what's happened is that we've had a movement, if you want to call it that, in this country of reluctance to get vaccinated. Doctors recommend that children get their first dose when they're between 12 and 15 months old and again when they're between 4 and 6 years old.

"There is no harm in receiving an additional vaccine for measles". Messonnier suggested that adults who are likely to encounter measles-such as health workers, travelers, and those in affected neighborhoods-get a blood test to determine how immune they are to measles, mumps, and rubella.

So what are the symptoms of the measles?

"The problem is you're infectious even before you have obvious symptoms like the rash", said CBS News chief medical correspondent Dr. Jon LaPook. "That takes a couple of days to progress over the whole body". And in California, hundreds of college students were quarantined last week after one student with measles attended classes on three days while contagious at the University of California at Los Angeles, and another contagious person spent hours at the library of California State University, Los Angeles.

Since Sunday, a further six people have contracted the illness, taking the number of confirmed cases to 33. Spread of misinformation regarding vaccine safety is to be blamed for inadequate vaccination of the population says the agency.

"We are very concerned about people coming into waiting rooms, emergency rooms and so on". It is so contagious that if one person has it, up to 90% of those close to that person who are not immune will also become infected. "So, it's definitely something that's on our radar". The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicates that getting one dose of MMR is 93 per cent effective in protecting against measles, and with two doses of MMR, it is 97 per cent effective against measles (and 88 per cent against mumps).