Ramadan 2019: Why is it so important for Muslims?

Ramadan 2019: Why is it so important for Muslims?

During Ramadan, they are required not only to refrain from eating and drinking from dawn to dusk, but also to curb all negative emotions like anger and prove themselves to be the flawless Muslim. They are a reference point for many Muslims across the world in terms of starting the fast.

Millions more, however, in India, Pakistan and Iran, will likely be marking the start of the lunar month on Tuesday based on moon sightings.

A cleric looks through binoculars to sight the new moon that signals the start of the Islamic holy fasting month of Ramadan, at the shrine of the Shiite Saint Imam Abdulazim in Shahr-e-Ray, south of Tehran, Iran, Sunday, May 5, 2019.

Each month ends with 29 or 30 days maximum. Healthy adult Muslims fast in Ramadan from dawn until dusk. "It is not just about rituals and how we eat, dress or pray but of equal importance is how our words, acts and deeds benefit and not harm others", she said.

Ramadan is also the third pillar of Islam and the wisdom behind this position, according to Muslim scholars, is that it is a fulcrum upon which the other four pillars; believing in one God, praying five times daily, helping the needy and performing the Hajj are balanced. Muslim countries follow a lunar calendar in which the beginning and end of months are determined by the sighting of the new moon.

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On the day, Muslims attend a special prayer in the morning at outdoor locations or mosques.

What is Ramadan?Saudi women shop for dried dates in the Saudi coastal city of Jeddah on May 3, 2019, ahead of the Muslim holy fasting month of Ramadan.

Why do Muslims fast during Ramadan? The challenge of fasting for many is also a chance to reset spiritually and physically, kick bad habits and purify the heart.

Eid is not a public holiday in the United Kingdom, however it is in many Muslim countries around the world.

Following prayer, it is traditional for Muslims to gather together in a park to celebrate breaking their fast together, with large-scale events of festival food (particularly sweet treats), prayer and stalls.